Informal Cooperative Learning Strategies. Key Elements of a Collaborative Learning Space. Johnson and Johnson (2009) posited five variables that mediate the effectiveness of cooperation. Additional Benefits of Cooperative Learning. However, it is not uncommon to hear students expressing negative opinions regarding cooperative learning. Individual and Group Accountability. Research backs up Marzano’s cooperative learning strategy as a key component of a progressive learning tool. Cooperative learning processes prepare students to assess outcomes linked to accreditation. 1. This paper briefly describes and discusses Spencer Kagan's approach to cooperative learning. Cooperative learning consist of five basic elements, 1) Positive Interdependence, 2) Face-to-face Interaction, 3) Individual Accountability, 4) Social Skills and 5) Group Processing. Cooperative learning helps students develop the skills necessary to work on projects too difficult and complex for any one person to do in a reasonable amount of time. Balfakih, N. M. (2003). Why is this? Students are … The more you learn about cooperative learning and the more you practice your skills, the better you will become and the more benefits you will experience. Positive Interdependence. Instructors may structure positive interdependence by establishing mutual goals (maximize own and each other's productivity), joint rewards (if all group members achieve above the criteria, each will receive bonus … BASIC ELEMENTS OF COOPERATIVE TEAMS Positive Interdependence p Team members perceive that they need each other in order to complete the group's task ("sink or swim together"). The Essential Elements of . as well as the success of every member of the group. Elements of Cooperative Learning. The principles of cooperative learning. Scott B. Watson . Plus, this approach is relatively easy to implement and is inexpensive. According to the article, The Essential Elements of Cooperative Learning in the Classroom, Robert Stahl states, Students must come to comprehend and accept that everyone in the group needs to master the common set of information and/or skills. One popular example of cooperative learning instruction is the jigsaw method. Elements in Cooperative Learning. Five Basic Elements of Collaborative Learning . Cooperative learning is a student-centered, instructor-facilitated instructional strategy in which a small group of students is responsible for its own learning and the learning of all group members. These elements can be thought of as pieces in a puzzle. Positive interdependence is committed to personal success. Students each use a different color pen or marker for individual accountability and to ensure equal participation. This article reviews the essential elements of a collaborative practice. As a matter of fact, they’re fundamental elements of this type of learning. particular, the review focuses on the key elements that contribute to its success . Jigsaw Method . Face-to-face promotive interaction. A comparative research on the effectivity of cooperative learning method and jigsaw technique on teaching literary genres. The central elements of cooperative learning are (Johnson & Johnson, 1989) Positive interdependence: When students understand that their success depends on the success of the group, they will take the time to help one another master the material. Specific activities are described here. Research Gocer, A. The effectiveness of student team-achievement division Cooperative learning groups can consist of two to five students, but groups of three to four are also effective. Cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. A truly collaborative learning space encourages students to gather in groups, large and small, to solve problems, work on a project, or have a meaningful discussion. It is almost uncommon not to have some cooperative learning elements within a collage class. There are five fundamental elements involved in collaborative learning; in fact, these five elements differentiate collaborative learning from other forms of group learning. When all of these elements are present in a learning situation, the result is a collaborative learning group. The three most popular are those of David Johnson and Roger Johnson (Johnson et al., 1994), Robert Slavin (1994, 1995), and Shlomo Sharan and Yael Sharan (Sharan, 1995; Sharan & Sharan, 1994). 5 elements to successful cooperative learning activities and approaches: #1 Positive interdependence: to successful cooperative learning activities and approaches: #1 cooperative learning than simply grouping students; there are essential components of cooperation that must be carefully implemented so cooperative learning actually takes place. He found that, overall, 61% of cooperative-learning classes achieved significantly higher test scores than traditional classes. and the role teachers play in developing students’ thinking . Cooperative Learning . Cooperative Structures Team Word-Web – Students write the topic in the center, Round Table core concepts, then free-for-all supporting elements, and bridges. Over the past twenty years different approaches to cooperative learning have been proposed by different individuals. Cooperative learning also encourages team members to keep each other “in the loop” as projects move along. Also, their effort not only helps oneself but the group. When students are working toward a common goal, academic work becomes an activity valued by peers. Besides discussing these five basic elements of cooperative learning, Johnson and Johnsons have contributed a lot to the fruitful field of cooperative learning. Individual and Group Accountability each team member must contribute to the group as a whole each team member is accountable for helping the … The implementation of the approach will naturally require additional effort on the part of the band director and a shift away from the traditional competitive performance emphasis of band programs. 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